|Months of the year in the Biblical Period
||Month (Biblical/ Babylonian)
||Secular Month Names
||Derived from / Meaning
||March – April
||From Latin Mars/Martius. Mars is the Roman god of war, identified as the Greek god Ares.
||April – May
||From Latin Aprilis, Greek Aphro – short for Aphrodite. Aphrodite is the Greek goddess of love and beauty, identified with Roman goddess Venus.
||May – June
||From Latin Maius/Maia, Italic goddess of spring, daughter of Faunus, wife of Vulcan.
||June – July
||From Latin Junius/Juno, principle goddess Roman Pantheon, goddess of marriage – well being of women. Wife/sister of Jupiter – identified as Greek goddess Hera.
||July – August
||From Latin Julius mensis (month of Julius). Previously Quintillis mensis (fifth month), but later named after himself, Julius Caesar in 46BC when he reformed the Roman calendar.
||August – September
||From Latin Augustus mensis (month of Augustus). Previously Sextilis mensis (sixth month), but later named after himself, Augustus Caesar when he completed the calendar reform of Julius caesar.
||September – October
||From Latin Septem(seven) +”ber”. Previously had 29 days, until of Julius caesar, when it became 30 days long.
||October – Nov
||From Latin Octo(eight) +”ber”. Always had 31 days.
||Nov – December
||From Latin November. Previously had 29 days, until of Julius caesar, when it became 30 days long.
||December – January
||From Latin Decem(ten) +”ber”. Previously had 29 days, until of Julius caesar, when it became 31 days long.
||January – February
||From Latin Januarius/Janus.Janus is the Roman god of gates/doorways. Added in 700BC. Previously had 29 days, until of Julius caesar, when it became 31 days long.
||February – March
||From Latin Februarius/Februa. Februa is the Roman festival of purification.